Livestock Show

StarLivestock Show TerminologyStar

Learn more about the animals in the barns.

General Terms

  • breed - a group of animals that, as a result of breeding and selection, have certain distinguishable characteristics
  • breeding animal- livestock bred and raised to be included in a breeding program
  • dam - a female parent
  • flock – a grouping of a species of livestock (sheep, poultry)
  • herd - a group of a single species of animal (cattle, horses, swine, goats)
  • market animal - livestock bred and raised for food consumption
  • polled - a naturally hornless animal
  • sire – a male parent

Chickens

  • broilers – a chicken that is 6 to 13 weeks of age used for meat production
  • chick –  a newly hatched or a very young chicken.
  • hen - an adult female chicken
  • rooster - an adult male chicken
     

Cattle

  • bovine - the scientific name for cattle
  • bull - a sexually mature male bovine
  • calf - a sexually immature young bovine
  • cow - a mature female bovine
  • heifer - a young female bovine which has not yet had a calf
  • steer - a castrated male bovine
     

Goats

  • buck- a sexually mature male goat
  • doe - a female  goat
  • kid - a young goat
  • wether - a castrated male goat
     

Pigs

  • swine - refers to animals in the pig family
  • barrow - a young, castrated male swine
  • boar - a sexually mature male swine
  • gilt - a young female pig
  • hog - a mature swine (usually weighing more than 120 pounds)
  • pig - a young swine (usually weighing less than 120 lbs.)
  • sow - a mature female swine

 

Sheep

  • ewe - a female sheep
  • lamb - a sheep less than one year in age
  • ram - a male sheep
  • wether - a castrated male sheep
     

Turkeys

  • hen - an adult female turkey
  • poult - a young domestic turkey
  • tom - a male turkey
     


San Antonio Stock Show and Rodeo

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